• B. Mohamed, N. Ellis, C. S. Kim, X. Bi, W. Chen, Engineered biochars from catalytic microwave pyrolysis for reducing heavy metals phytotoxicity and increasing plant growth, Chemosphere, 271, 129808 (2021) (Link)
  • J. Wu, K. H. Kim, K. Jeong, D. Kim, C. S. Kim, J. Ha, R. Chandra, J. Saddler, The production of lactic acid from chemi-thermomechanical pulps using a chemo-catalytic approach, Bioresource Technology, 324, 124664 (2021) (Link)
  • W. Choi, H. Jo, J. Choi, D. Suh, H. Lee, C. S. Kim, K. H. Kim, K. Lee, J. Ha, Stabilization of acid-rich bio-oil by catalytic mild hydrotreating, Environmental Pollution, 272, 116180 (2021) (Link)
  • Y. Wang, K. H. Kim*, K. Jeong, N. Kim, C. G. Yoo*, Sustainable biorefinery processes using renewable deep eutectic solvents, Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, 27, 100396 (2021) (Link)
  • K. H. Kim*, K. Jeong, J. Zhuang, H. Jeong, C. S. Kim, B. Koo, C. G. Yoo, Tandem conversion of lignin to catechols via demethylation and catalytic hydrogenolysis, Industrial Crops & Products, 159, 113095 (2021) (Link)


  • B. Mohamed, N. Ellis, C. S. Kim, X. Bi, Synergistic effects of catalyst mixtures on biomass catalytic pyrolysis, Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 8, 615134 (2020) (Link)
  • J. Wu, R. Chandra, M. Takada, L. Liu, S. Renneckar, K. H. Kim, C. S. Kim, J. Saddler, Enhancing enzyme-mediated cellulose hydrolysis by incorporating acid groups onto the lignin during biomass pretreatment, Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 8, 608835 (2020) (Link)
  • Y. P. Wijaya, K. Smith*, C. S. Kim*, E. Gyenge*, Electrocatalytic hydrogenation and depolymerization pathways for lignin valorization: toward mild synthesis of chemicals and fuels from biomass, Green Chemistry, 22, 7233-7264 (2020) (Link)
  • Y. Wang, X. Meng, K. Jeong, S. Li, G. Leem, K. H. Kim, Y. Pu, A. Ragauskas, C. Yoo, Investigation of lignin-based deep eutectic solvent using p-hydroxybenzoic acid for efficient woody biomass conversion, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 8, 12542-12553 (2020) (Link)
  • R. Putra, Y. Wijaya, R. Liang, K. Smith, H. Trajano*, C. S. Kim*, The effect of in-situ phenol hydrogenation with Raney Ni on the fate of hydrogen from glycerol aqueous phase reforming, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 59, 14679-14688 (2020) (Link)
  • K. Jeong, H. Jeong, G. Lee, S. Kim, K. H. Kim*, C. G. Yoo*, Catalytic effect of alkali and alkaline earth metals in the lignin pyrolysis: A density functional theory study, Energy & Fuels, 34, 9734-9740 (2020) (Link)
  • O. Yu, K. H. Kim*, Lignin to materials: A focused review on recent novel lignin applications, Applied Sciences, 10, 4626 (2020) (Link)
  • J. Wu, R. Chandra, M. Takada, P. Rio, K. H. Kim, C. S. Kim, L. Liu, S. Renneckar, J. Saddler, Alkaline sulfonation and thermomechanical pulping pretreatment of softwood chips and pellets to enhance enzymatic hydrolysis, Bioresource Technology, 315, 123789 (2020) (Link)
  • Y. P. Wijaya, K. Smith, C. S. Kim*, E. Gyenge, Synergistic effects between electrocatalyst and electrolyte in the electrocatalytic reduction of lignin model compounds in a stirred slurry reactor, Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, in press (Link
  • S. Liu, H. Wang, C. S. Kim*, K. Smith, Stability of Mo2C/carbon catalysts during dibenzofuran hydrodeoxygenation, Applied Catalysis A: General, 600, 117628 (2020) (Link)
  • K. H. Kim*, C. S. Kim, Y. Wang, C. G. Yoo, Integrated process for the production of lactic acid from lignocellulosic biomass: from biomass fractionation and characterization to chemocatalytic conversion with lanthanum (III) triflate, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 59, 10832-10839 (2020) (Link)
  • J. Wu, R. Chandra, K. H. Kim, C. S. Kim, Y. Pu, A. Ragauskas, J. Saddler, Enhancing enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of mechanical pulps by deacetylation and delignification, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 8, 5847-5855 (2020) (Link)
  • N. Jacquet, A. Eudes, T. Dutta, K. H. Kim, F. Bouxin, V. Benites, E. Baidoo, S. Singh, B. Simmons, D. Loque, A. Richel, Influence of hydrocracking and ionic liquid pretreatments on composition and properties of Arabidopsis thaliana wild type and CAD mutant lignins, Renewable Energy, 152, 1241-1249 (2020) (Link)
  • K. H. Kim*, Y. Wang, M. Takada, A. Eudes, C. G. Yoo, C. S. Kim, J. Saddler, Deep eutectic solvent pretreatment of transgenic biomass with increased C6C1 lignin monomers, Frontiers in Plant Science, 10, 1774 (2020) (Link) (media featured by EurekAlert, Phys.org, Biofuels international, Biofuels Digest)
  • V. Rigual, G. Papa, A. Rodriguez, M. Wehrs, K. H. Kim, M. Oliet, M. Alonso, J. Gladden, A. Mukhopadhyay, B. Simmons, S. Singh, Evaluating protic ionic liquid for woody biomass one-pot pretreatment + saccharification, followed by Rhodosporidium toruloides cultivation, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 8(2), 782-791 (2020) (Link)
  • Y. P. Wijaya, T. Grossmann-Neuhaeusler, R. D. D. Putra, K. Smith, C. S. Kim*, E. Gyenge, Electrocatalytic hydrogenation of guaiacol in diverse electrolytes using a stirred slurry reactor, Chemsuschem, 13, 629-639 (2020) (Link)


  • O. Yu, C. G. Yoo, C. S. Kim, K. H. Kim*, Understanding the effect of ethylene glycol-assisted biomass fractionation parameters on lignin characteristics using a full factorial design and computational modeling, ACS Omega, 4(14), 16103-16110 (2019) (Link)
  • K. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, C. S. Kim, K. Jeong, Parahydrogen-induced polarization in the hydrogenation of lignin-derived phenols using Wilkinson's catalyst, Fuel, 255, 115845 (2019) (Link)
  • K. H. Kim*, A. Eudes, K. Jeong, C. G. Yoo, C. S. Kim, A. Ragauskas, Integration of renewable deep eutectic solvents with engineered biomass to achieve a closed-loop biorefinery, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 116, 13816-13824 (2019) (Link)
  • J. Ha, K. Hwang, Y. Kim, J. Jae, K. H. Kim, H. W. Lee, J. Kim, Y. Park, Recent progress in the thermal and catalytic conversion of lignin, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 111, 422-441 (2019) (Link)
  • B. Mohamed, N. Ellis, C. S. Kim, X. Bi, Understanding catalytic effects of bentonite/clinoptilolite on biomass pyrolysis, Renewable Energy, 142, 304-315 (2019) (Link
  • B. Mohamed, N. Ellis, C. S. Kim, X. Bi, Microwave-assisted catalytic biomass pyrolysis: Effects of catalyst mixtures, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 253, 226-234 (2019) (Link)

  • S. Liu, H. Wang, R. Putra, C. S. Kim, K. Smith, Impact of carbon properties on Mo2C/carbon catalysts for the hydrodeoxygenation of 4-methylphenol, Energy & Fuels, 33, 4506-4514 (2019) (Link)

  • S. Liu, H. Wang, P. Neumann, C. S. Kim, K. Smith, Esterification over Acid-Treated Mesoporous Carbon Derived from Petroleum Coke, ACS Omega, 4, 6050-6058 (2019) (Link)

  • K. H. Kim*, K. Jeong, S. Kim, R. C. Brown, Kinetic understanding the effect of Na and Mg on pyrolytic behavior of lignin using a distributed activation energy and density functional theory modeling, Green Chemistry, 21, 1099-1107 (2019) (Link)

  • K. H. Kim, T. Daugaard, R. Smith, M. Mba-Wright, R. C. Brown, Recovery of resin acids from fast pyrolysis of pine, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 138, 132-136 (2019) (Link)


  • K. H. Kim*, C. S. Kim, Recent efforts to prevent undesirable reactions from fractionation to depolymerization of lignin: Towards maximizing the value from lignin, Frontiers in Energy Research, 6, 92 (2018) (Link)
  • R. Putra, H. Trajano, S. Liu, H. Lee, K. Smith, C. S. Kim*, In-situ glycerol aqueous phase reforming and phenol hydrogenation over Raney NiĀ®, Chemical Engineering Journal, 350(15), 181-191 (2018) (Link) 


  • B.A. Mohamed, N. Ellis, C.S. Kim, X. Bi, The role of tailored biochar in increasing plant growth, and reducing bioavailability, phytotoxicity, and uptake of heavy metals in contaminated soil, Environmental Pollution, 230, 329-338 (2017) (Link)
  • S. Liu, H. Wang, K.J. Smith, C.S. Kim, Hydrodeoxygenation of 2-Methoxyphenol over Ru, Pd, and Mo2C Catalysts Supported on Carbon, Energy & Fuels, 31(6), 6378-6388 (2017) (Link)
  • Q. Chu, R. Chandra, C.S. Kim, J. Saddler, Alkali-Oxygen Impregnation Prior to Steam Pretreating Poplar Wood Chip Enhances Selective Lignin Modification and Removal while Maximizing Carbohydrate Recovery, Cellulose Accessibility, and Enzymatic Hydrolysis, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 5(5), 4011-4017 (2017) (Link)


  • B.A. Mohamed, N. Ellis, C.S. Kim, X. Bi, A. Emam, Engineered biochar from microwave-assisted catalytic pyrolysis of switchgrass for increasing water-holding capacity and fertility of sandy soil, Science of The Total Environment, 566(1), 387-397 (2016) (Link)
  • B. Mohamed, C. S. Kim, N. Ellis, X. Bi, Microwave-assisted catalytic pyrolysis of switchgrass for improving bio-oil and biocharproperties, Bioresource Technology, 201, 121-132 (2016) (Link)


  • J. Peng, X. Bi, C.J. Lim, H. Peng, C.S. Kim, D. Jia, H. Zuo, Sawdust as an effective binder for making torrefied pellets, Applied Energy, 157, 491-498 (2015) (Link)
  • R. Chandra, K. Courlay, C. S. Kim, J. Saddler, Enhancing hemicellulose recovery and the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose by adding lignosulfonates during the two-stage steam pretreatment of poplar, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 3(5), 986-991 (2015)(Link)


  • B. Chiasi, L. Kumar, T. Furubayashi, C. J. Lim, X. Bi, C. S. Kim, S. Sokhansanj, Densified biocoal from woodchips: Is it better to do torrefaction before or after densification?, Applied Energy, 134, 133-142 (2014) (Link)
  • Y. P. Wijaya, R. Putra, V. T. Widyaya, J. M. Ha, D. J. Suh, C. S. Kim, Comparative study on two-step concentrated acid hydrolysis for the extraction of sugars from lignocellulosic biomass, Bioresource Technology, 164, 221-231 (2014) (Link)